Glossary

  Term/Abbreviation

 
   Definition
AOX


    Adsorbable organically bound halogens

APC


 Air Pollution Control

Art 75 committee




Refers to the Committee where Member States vote on the draft final BAT Conclusions in accordance to Article 75 of the IED

AD



Anaerobic Digestion

AMS



Automated Measuring System

BP




Background Paper (commonly developed by the EIPPCB in advance of Final TWG meetings, summing up the various positions and setting out the European Commission's proposals)

BF



Bag Filter or Baghouse (common dust abatement technique)

BAT













Best Available Techniques (IED Article 3(10): the "most effective and advanced stage in the development of activities and their methods of operation which indicates the practical suitability of particular techniques for providing the basis for emission limit values and other permit conditions designed to prevent and, where that is not practicable, to reduce emissions and the impact on the environment as a whole".

The notion of the three BAT elements are further clarified as follows:
"best" = most effective in achieving high level of environmental protection as a whole
"available" = developed at a scale which allows implementation in relevant industrial sector under economically and technically viable conditions based on cost/benefit considerations.
"techniques" = technology used but also the way in which the installation is designed, built, maintained, operated and decommissioned.
BATC






BAT conclusions (IED Article 3(12) : a document containing the parts of a BAT reference document laying down the conclusions on best available techniques, their description, information to assess their applicability, the emission levels associated with the best available techniques, associated monitoring, associated consumption levels and, where appropriate, relevant site remediation measures). These have clearly binding status under the IED.

BATIS



BAT Information System (on-line information exchange forum)

BREF



BAT reference document. Currently there are 33 BREFs, all are listed on The European Commission's BREF webpage.

BREF review rules





Commission Implementing Decision 2012/119/EU of 10 February 2012 laying down rules concerning guidance on the collection of data and on the drawing up of BAT reference documents and on their quality assurance referred to in Directive 2010/75/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on industrial emissions.

BAT-AEL





BAT-Associated Emission Level (IED Art 3(13)) : the range of emission levels obtained under normal operating conditions using a best available technique or a combination of best available techniques, as described in BAT conclusions, expressed as an average over a given period of time, under specified reference conditions.

BAT-AE(P)L




BAT-Associated Environmental Performance Level (IED Art 3(13)) e.g. abatement efficiency, water use consumption , energy efficiency etc
BTEX



Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene (phenylethane) and xylenes

BTX



Benzene, toluene, xylene (ortho-/meta-/para or mixtures thereof)

BOD



Biochemical Oxygen Demand

BT



Biological Treatment

CV



Calorific Value e.g. in MJ/kg

CAPEX



Capital expenditure

CLM



Cement, Lime and Magnesium Oxide

CO



Carbon Monoxyde

COD



Chemical Oxygen Demand

CFC(s)



Chloro Fluoro Carbons

CHP



Combined Heat and Power

CWW



Common Waste Water and Waste Gas Treatment/Management Systems in the Chemical Sector

CEMS



Continuous emissions monitoring system

EMAS



Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (Council Regulation (EC) No 1221/2009)

ECM



Economics and Cross-Media

ESP



Electrostatic Precipitator (common dust abatement technique)

EFS



Emissions from Storage

ELV




Emission Limit Value. (See IED Art. 3(5): the mass, expressed in terms of certain specific parameters, concentration and/or level of an emission, which may not be exceeded during one or more periods of time). ELVs are set in permits issued to plants covered by the IED.

EoLV



End-of-Life Vehicles

ENE



Energy Efficiency

EMS



Environmental management systems

EQS






Environmental Quality Standard. These are further defined in the IED under Article 3(6) and Article 18, where a clear link with BAT is established. Typically these refer to air quality and water quality standards set under EU environmental protection legislation. Additional measures should be set in operating permits -even if these go beyond BAT- in order to ensure compliance with EQS. EQS are therefore a strong driving force for industry to improve environmental performance.

ECHA



European Chemicals Agency

CEN



European committee for standardization
EEA



European Environment Agency

EIPPCB



European Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Bureau

FM



Final Meeting

FGT



Flue-gas treatment system

FDM



Food Drink and Milk

GHG



Greenhouse Gases e.g. CO2

HFC(s)



Halogenated Fluorocarbons

HWI(s)



Hazardous waste incineration/incinerator(s)

ICS



Industrial Cooling Systems

IED




Industrial Emissions Directive (Directive 2010/75/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010 on industrial emissions - IPPC Directive Recast)

IPPC Directive




Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Directive (Directive 2008/1/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 January 2008 concerning integrated pollution prevention and control). This legislation has now been superseded by, and merged into, Chapter II of the IED.

IRPP



Intensive Rearing of Pigs and Poultry

I&S



Iron and Steel

I-TEQ




International Toxic EQuivalent -derived for dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans by using the international toxic equivalence factors, as defined in Annex VI, part 2 of the IED

JRC



Joint Research Centre of the European Commission

ROM



JRC reference Report on Monitoring of emissions from IED installations

KoM



Kick-off Meeting, the first meeting held at the start of a BREF drafting or revision

LCP




Large Combustion Plant (with a total thermal rated input of >50MWth). Plants with a total thermal rated input below 50MWth are considered at EU level as "medium" combustion plants

LVOC



Large Volume Organic Chemicals

MBT



Mechanical Biological Treatment

MT



Mechanical Treatment

MS



Member State(s)

MSW



Municipal Solid Waste

MSWI(s)



Municipal Solid waste incineration/incinerator(s)

MWEI


Management of Waste from Extractive Industries. Formally known as Management of Tailings and Waste-rock in Mining Activities (MTWR).

NCV



Net calorific value

NMVOC



Non Methane Volatile Organic Compounds

NFM



Non-Ferrous Metals

NOC




Normal Operating Conditions. (See OTNOC for distinction with what is considered as not "normal"). In waste incineration Effective Operation Time (EOT) is also used for regulatory compliance purposes

OPEX



Operating expenditure/costs

OTNOC






Other Than Normal Operating Conditions. This term is not clearly defined, but would include those situations judged as "not normal". This includes the following situations: malfunctions, leaks, momentary stoppages. It is relevant for the compliance with the BAT-AEL, derived on environmental performance under "normal operating conditions". This is a particularly relevant issue during start up and shut down conditions, where emissions are generally higher e.g. Large Combustion Plants.

PM



Particulate matter (this includes PM 10 and PM2.5)

ppm



parts per million

POPs



Persistent Organic Pollutants

PCT



Physico-chemical treatment

PCB



Polychlorinated biphenyls

PCDD/F



Polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxins and -furans

PAH(s)



Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

PHS







Priority Hazardous Substance as specified in Annex X of the Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC and its daugther Directive 2013/39/EU as regards priority substances in the field of water policy (EQS Directive) . Maximum Allowable Concentration values (MAC) for these substances (21) or biota limits are set, which need to be met in EU surface waters. There is a phase out obligation on PHS, which means a 0 immission in water bodies of those substances to achieve "good chemical and ecological status" of EU surface waters

PS







Priority Substance as specified in Annex X of the Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC and its daugther Directive 2013/39/EU as regards priority substances in the field of water policy (EQS Directive) . Maximum Allowable Concentration values (MAC) for these substances (21) or biota limits (Fluoranthene) are set, which need to be met in EU surface waters. There is a progressive emissions reduction obligation on PS in combination with maximum concentration values to achieve "good chemical and ecological status" of EU surface waters

RDF



Refuse Derived Fuel

REACH




EU Regulation on chemicals (Regulation 1907/2006/EC of 18 December 2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Autorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) and establishing a European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)

RTO



Regenerative thermal oxidiser

SCR



Selective Catalytic Reduction (a common and the more effective secondary NOx abatement technique)

SNCR



Selective Non-Catalytic Reduction (secondary NOx abatement technique, unlike SCR without catalyst and less effective)

SRF



Solid Recovered Fuel

STS



Surface Treatment with Solvents

SVHC




Substance of Very High Concern (Chemicals of very high concern due to their inherent hazard potential, see Article 57 of REACH and the NGO SIN list)

TWG



Technical Working Group (this commonly refers to the BREF working groups involved in the information exchange)

NOx



The sum of nitrogen (II) oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2)

TOC



Total Organic Carbon. Total organic carbon, expressed as C, includes all organic compounds

TSS



Total Suspended Solids. Mass concentration of all suspended solids, measured via filtration through glass fibre filters and gravimetry

TVOC



Total Volatile Organic Compounds (in air), expressed as C (EN 12619)

TEQ



Toxic Equivalents (used for expressing PCDD/F - refers to the same groupings and calculations detailed in IED)

VOC



Volatile Organic Compound

WEEE



Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment

WI



Waste Incineration

WtE



Waste to Energy - a term use to describe incinerators that recover heat and/or electricity

WT



Waste Treatment

WWT



Waste Water Treatment

WWTP



Waste Water Treatment Plant

WPC



Wood Preservation with Chemicals